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The supreme law in Brazil is The Federal Constitution promulgated in 1988. The constitution divides the country into 26 Federate States that are at liberty to adopt their laws, but these laws must fall within the provisions of the Federal Constitution.

The Constitution

The Federal Constitution can be amended through a legal process provided for in the same constitution. For any amendment to occur, it has to be supported by at least a third of the members of the two legislative houses – Senate & House of Representatives, or Legislative chambers in at least 13 States. The president of the Federal State must sign to effect any amendment. However, Laws touching on the freedom of rights and separation of powers are immune to amendments.

The legislative houses make the complementary laws and President approves them. These laws complement the constitution. Ordinary laws, on the other hand, are traditional unwritten laws that originate from either of the houses and adopted under the ordinary legislative procedure.

Brazilian Courts

It is the role of the courts to interpret laws in Brazil. The senior most court in Brazil is the Supreme Federal Court, which serves as chief custodian of the Law. The Brazilian Superior Court of Justice functions as an arbitrator whenever an ordinary State court and an ordinary Federal court make conflicting rulings. Other courts include Labor Courts, Electoral Courts, Military Courts, and Federal Courts.

Brazilian Lawyers

Upon acquiring a degree in law, one has to join the Brazilian Law School where they sit for bar examinations to qualify as an attorney. Lawyers practice law in different categories that includes Family Law, Business Law, Tax Law, Criminal Law, Finance & Securities Law, and Property Law.

About Ricardo Tosto

Ricardo Tosto is one of the most skilled and respected lawyers in Brazil. He is a founding principal of Leite, Tosto e Barros Advogados, a renowned law firm that specializes in business law, credit recovery, banking, electoral law, international law, as well as civil and commercial litigation. Ricardo earned a bachelor’s degree in law at Universidade Presbiteriana Mackenzie. He later joined the Fundacao Armando Alvares Penteado where he obtained his MBA.

Ricardo boasts of over 22 years of legal practice. He previously served as the president of the Sao Paulo OAB Commission for Modernization. Currently, Ricardo Tosto serves as a member of both Brazilian and International Bar Associations. He also has published several articles in legal journals.

 

 

In 1991, Dick DeVos became the President and CEO of the Orlando Magic basketball team. He oversaw the boon of an era; the Shaquille O’Neal era. He brought excitement to the league and the popularity of the Orlando Magic surged. Soon, the team would see record attendance, profits and media coverage. But that part of Dick’s life is just a footnote.

Dick went to high school in western Michigan and graduated college from Northwoods University. Later, he would become the head of Amway International and then the Orlando Magic before returning to re-pursue his career Amway International, leading the company to record profits and sales. Dick left Amway again to create his own business, the Windquest Group. His resume is littered with an astounding amount of accomplishments throughout his years, which you can find on his LinkedIn.

Dick’s wife, Betsy, is also a Michigan native, and has been an active part of the conservative political scene her whole life. Their union in marriage is a bond in conservative values, and those values have led the DeVos family to donate a tremendous amount of their wealth to charity.

Almost two-thirds of their donations have stayed within their home state of Michigan, and those donations total a little over $60 million in 2013. That means the DeVos family has donated over $90 million to charity throughout 2013.

Where they donate money is important to the DeVos family. They strive to support charities that are rooted in conservative values. The DeVos’s run five different family foundations — the Dick and Betsy DeVos Foundation, the Daniel and Pamella DeVos Foundation, the (Cheri DeVos) CDV5 Foundation, and the Douglas and Maria DeVos Foundation — and through those foundations they donate to many different types of charities. Education makes up almost half of their donations, followed by health and community services, arts and culture, and faith-based charities.

This has led to Forbes Magazine ranking the Devos’s as its 20th most charitable entity, and Forbes magazine doesn’t even count some of the family’s giving. Forbes does not count donations that go to political causes as charitble giving. If the money magazine had counted those donations, the charitable giving of the Devos family would be well over $1 billion per year.

Whether or not you agree with the political leanings of the DeVos family, you cannot argue with the fact that they are a very charitable family. It is inspirational to hear Dick DeVos talk about his charitable giving and how he hopes it inspires others to give. Perhaps we could use some more Dick and Betsy DeVos’s in this world.

Click the following link to learn more about Dick’s career and his charity work: http://www.newnetherlandinstitute.org/history-and-heritage/dutch_americans/richard-dick-devos-jr/

After a natural disaster has occurred, most people around the world want to know the details. Many individuals try to help by donating funds to provide relief to the individuals who were affected. However, after many months have passed, most people forget about what has happened and they follow the latest story. This is not true with Majeed Ekbal. He realizes that many people are still suffering in the country of Nepal. In April 2015, a 7.8 earthquake rocked the country. Many aftershocks followed throughout the month of April and on into May. Unfortunately, many individuals lost their life in this disaster. Others were injured, lost their homes, and have had their lives turned upside down. Even though many months have passed since the disaster, many people are still suffering.

Majeed Ekbal has set up a Go Fund Me campaign to help the individuals who are still suffering in the country of Nepal. It is his goal to raise $1 million for the victims. This will be contributed to a crowdrise campaign. The goal of this campaign is to provide disaster and medical help to the many victims who were affected by this earthquake. He has donated his own personal funds to the campaign. He is especially concerned about the suffering of the victims since many of his friends live in the country of Nepal.

Majeed Ekbal is well known in the Chicago area. He is a real estate investor. He also is a business owner. One of his recent business ventures was setting up a company that provides a grocery delivery service for business people. Individuals can use the Internet to choose grocery items and then purchase them. Majeed’s company then delivers these groceries. This is something that is helping many Chicago residents. It is also beneficial for individuals who would like to purchase from grocery store chains as well as small specialty shops in the Chicago area. His company delivers groceries via Federal Express to individuals who would like to purchase items from Chicago.

All funds that are donated to the victims of the Nepal earthquake are appreciated not only by Majeed, but also by the many victims who are still suffering.